Richard was born in 1367, son of the Black Prince and grandson of Edward III. He became king at the tender age of nine on Edward's death.
Anne of Bohemia was born in 1366, oldest daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV, at that time the most powerful man in Europe.
The marriage of Richard and Anne was, as most royal marriages, a matter of politics. The Great Schism had resulted in two popes and Pope Urban fostered the marriage of Richard and Anne as a power play.
Anne and Richard were married in 1382 in Westminster Abbey. She was not welcomed by the English people immediately, and the smashing of her ships on the coast on her arrival was looked upon as a bad omen. However, soon she won not only Richard's heart, but the heart of the people. She was a kind woman and often interceded for leniency on behalf of others, even including the leaders of the Peasants' Revolt. Usually she succeeded. She became known as Good Queen Anne.
Anne and Richard had a loving but childless marriage for twelve years. When Anne died of the plague in 1394 Richard was so stricken with grief that he tore down Sheen Palace where she had died. He gave her a magnificent funeral with a procession from Sheen Palace to Westminster Abbey. One unfortunate man who was late for the funeral was struck in the face by Richard's sceptre.
He built a tomb for her in Westminster Abbey and had an effigy of himself made to lie beside her, with their hands entwined.
Richard's reign went downhill from the time of Anne's death. His grief resulted in erratic behaviour, and the few leadership qualities he had seemed to have left with his wife. A second marriage was arranged for him with Isabella of France, but at the time of betrothal she was only six years old.
As things descended from bad to worse, Richard was overthrown by Henry Bolingbroke. He was imprisoned in Pontrefact Castle and no one seems too sure of his fate from that point. Some reports said he was starved to death in captivity. Other reports exist that he was alive and living in Scotland. To stop the rumors he was still alive, Henry had him reburied at Westminster Abbey, beside his wife, in the tomb he had prepared for himself.
Over the years, damage to Anne's tomb resulted in the loss of some of her bones and the clasped hands of the effigies were broken, but Anne and Richard still lie in Westminster Abbey, side by side.